Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's rule in Libya was "nearing the end" and it is likely just a "matter of hours" before his ouster, Sen. John McCain told CBS’ “Face the Nation,” Sunday morning.
“We will be rid of a guy who has practiced the worst kind of brutalities,” added McCain, one of the leading foreign policy experts in the Senate.
Late Sunday night, machine gun fire engulfed all of Tripoli, according to correspondents on CNN and other networks.
Demonstrations broke out Sunday in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, a region that had been the center of pro-Gadhafi forces. Hundreds of rebel forces advanced to within 15 miles of Libya's capital of Tripoli Sunday, as anti-Gadhafi protests erupted in the city. According to the AP, the mood was euphoric, with some rebels shouting: "We are getting to Tripoli tonight."
"I believe that it's nearing the end," McCain said, of Gadhafi's rule.
McCain noted that, following the increased engagement of NATO forces in Libya, the implosion of Gadhafi's leadership "was something that was going to happen." But he lamented the drawn-out nature of the six-month conflict.
"I grieve a bit because this conflict didn't have to last this long," McCain told CBS' Norah O'Donnell. "The United States' air power could have shortened this conflict dramatically. Unfortunately we chose not to. We led from behind."
But the Arizona Republica said he thought the Libyan opposition movement would succeed- and that the ouster of Gadhafi would "send a message" to other nations seeking democratic transitions - and to other dictators.
"This will send a message to Bashir al-Assad, and to Yemen and to other dictators, that their time is nearing the end. This Arab Spring is echoing all over the world, from Russia to China to Israel... Since that young man burned himself to death in Tunisia, we are seeing a vastly changed world. We are going to have to make some adjustments.
"It's going to be a big challenge forming a new government, uniting a country that has never known democracy," he said. "We've seen the difficulties with other countries who made this transition, but we will be rid of a guy who has the blood of Americans on his hands."
"I think they can succeed," McCain added, of the Libyan democratic movement. "It's very difficult. There's tribal rivalries from a long time ago. They've never known democracy. They do have access to a lot of money. There's a lot of oil and a lot of assets there... But our European friends and we are going to have to help out a lot."
In a coordinated revolt that rebel cells had been secretly preparing for months, shooting started on Saturday night across Tripoli moments after Muslim clerics, using the louspeakers on mosque minarets, called people on to the streets.
The fighting inside Tripoli, combined with rebel advances to the outskirts of the city, appeared to signal the decisive phase in a six month conflict that has become the bloodiest of the "Arab Spring" uprisings and embroiled NATO powers.
But Gadhafi's fall is far from certain. His security forces did not buckle, the rebels appeared to control only a few neighbourhoods of Tripoli and the city is much bigger than anything the mosly amateur anti-Gadhafi fighters, with their scavenged weapons and mismatched uniforms, have ever tackled.
If the Libyan leader is forced from power, there are question marks over whether the opposition can restore stability in this oil exporting country. The rebels' own ranks have been wracked by disputes and rivalry.
Rebels said that after a night of heavy fighting, they controlled a handful of city neighbourhoods. But whether they hold on could depend on the speed with which the rebels elsewhere reach Tripoli.
"The rebels may have risen too early in Tripoli and the result could be a lot of messy fighting," said Oliver Miles, a former British ambassador to Libya. "The regime may not have collapsed in the city to quite the extent they think it has."
ADVANCE ON TRIPOLI
The closest front line was to the west of the capital, along a highway that traces the edge of the Mediterranean Sea.
Rebel fighters returning from the front line said they they had taken the town of Jaddaim and that they were now about 20 km from Tripoli and approaching the city's outlying western suburb of Janzour.
A Reuters reporter near the front said he could hear shells landing, and could see columns of smoke. Ambulances rushed back from the front to a hospital in the nearby town of Zawiyah.
In Jaddaim, fighters were celebrating the advance, shouting "Allahu Akbar!" or "God is greatest!."
In Benghazi, the eastern Libyan city where the anti-Gadhafi revolt started and where the rebels have their main stronghold, a senior official said everything was going according to plan.
"Our revolutionaries are controlling several neighbourhoods and others are coming in from outside the city to join their brothers at this time," Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, vice-chairman of the rebel National Transition Council, told Reuters.
MESSAGE OF DEFIANCE
In an audio recording broadcast late on Saturday, Gadhafi -- whose location has been kept a secret since NATO warplanes started bombing government buildings -- made clear he had no intention of giving in to the rebels.
"Those rats ... were attacked by the masses tonight and we eliminated them," Gadhafi said. "I know that there are air bombardments but the fireworks were louder than the sound of the bombs thrown by the aircraft."
A spokesman for Gadhafi, in a briefing for foreign reporters, underlined the message of defiance.
The armed units defending Tripoli from the rebels "wholeheartedly believe that if this city is captured the blood will run everywhere so they may as well fight to the end," said the spokesman, Moussa Ibrahim.
"We hold Mr Obama, Mr Cameron and Mr Sarkozy morally responsible for every single unnecessary death that takes place in this country," he said, referring to the leaders of the United States, Britain and France, Reuters reported.
SNIPERS ON ROOFTOPS
A diplomatic source in Paris, where the government has closely backed the rebels, said underground rebel cells in the capital had been following detailed plans drawn up months ago and had been waiting for a signal to act.
That signal was "iftar" -- the moment when Muslims observing the holy months of Ramadan break their daily fast. It was at this moment that imams started broadcasting their message from the moques, residents said.
But the overnight fighting inside the city, while fierce, was not decisive. Rebels said they controlled all or parts of the Tajourah, Fashloom and Souk al-Jumaa neighourhoods but there was no city-wide rebellion.
In Tripoli on Sunday , the two sides appeared to be jockeying for control of rooftop terraces where they could place firing positions, possibly in preparation for a new burst of fighting after nightfall.
A rebel activist in the city said pro-Gadhafi forces had put snipers on the rooftops of buildings around Bab al-Aziziyah, Gadhafi's compound, and on the top of a nearby water tower, Reuters reported.
As he spoke, single gunshots could be heard in the background, at intervals of a few seconds.
"Gadhafi's forces are getting reinforcements to comb the capital," said the activist, who spoke to a Reuters reporter outside Libya.
"Residents are crying, seeking help. One resident was martyred, many were wounded," he said. It was not immediately possible to verify his account independently.
State television flashed up a message on the screen urging residents not to allow rebel gunmen to hide out on their rooftops.
"Agents and al Qaeda members are trying to destabilise and sabotage the city. You should prevent them from exploiting your houses and buildings, confront them and cooperate with counter-terrorism units, to capture them," it said.
Western governments were cautious about predicting Gadhafi's imminent fall, but they said he was under unprecedented pressure.
"It's been clear that Gadhafi has not had a firm grip on reality -- as we heard from his comments last night -- and has not been interested personally in leaving or negotiating," said Alastair Burt, a foreign office minister.
"But those around him have continued to defect ... That pressure indicates that those around Gadhafi know what's going on. One can only hope that they're getting messages through to him," Burt told the BBC.
Ashour Shamis, a UK-based opposition editor and activist, said the Libyan leader's options were dwindling.
"Gadhafi's chances for a safe exit are diminishing by the hour. The more he stays the narrower his base, and the easier it will be for him to be caught or killed," Ashour "I think he's not being told the whole picture. (His son) Saif al-Islam is the one who is leading the fight for him."